Format. Appendix B is a text file that exists in a ready to print format. It can be opened in Word, BBEdit, or Excel if column separations are desired. The file labeled ALL Targets/ Cues contains all of the targets that have been normed and that appear as cues in our database shown in Table 1 and in Appendix A. The files remaining in this folder contain subsets of this file defined by the first letter of the normed target, e.g., all targets beginning with the letters A and B, and so forth. The letter-defined files are offered as a convenience for those whose computers cannot open the larger file.
Data. The data in Appendix B represent a special arrangement of the data available in Table 1. However, instead of presenting each normed word and each of its responses, each response is provided in alphabetical order and all the words from the norms that produce it as an associate are listed below it. This format will be particularly useful for anyone who has already selected target words, and is now looking for suitable cues in order to prime or cue these targets. For example, if ABILITY is selected as a target, Table 7 shows that the word CAPABILITY produces this word with a forward strength of 0.28, that COMPETENCE produces it with a probability of 0.17, and so on. The cues are listed in terms of the strength of the forward connection between the cue and the target.
Appendix B also provides additional information concerning the cue-target relationship as well as information about the cue and the target as individual words. A more complete description of the field names can be found in Appendix A. Finally, note that at the end of the listing of related cues, the number of such cues is reported. This number is interesting because it provides an index of how many words in the norms produce the target word as an associate. This number provides a rough index of the production frequency of a word which may be related to its general accessibility in memory (e.g., see Nelson & Xu, 1995). Appendix E compares this measure of accessibility with Kucera and Francis (1967) printed frequency for those who might be interested.
|Targets and the cues that produce them.|
|NO. OF CUES: 18|
Quick Reference. Table 8 provides a quick reference for the abbreviations heading the data fields for Appendix B:
|Abbreviations of terms and their equivalencies in Appendix B.|
|FSG||Forward Cue-to-Target Strength|
|BSG||Backward Target-to-Cue Strength|
|OSG||Overlapping Associate Strength|
|QSS||Cue: Set Size|
|TSS||Target: Set Size|
|QMC||Cue: Mean Connectivity Among its |
|TMC||Target: Mean Connectivity Among its |
|QUC||Cue: Use Code|
|TUC||Target: Use Code|